This is because it was written and translated during an era where society was converting from paganism to Christianity. Different lands, characters, and themes are based on either the pagan folklore or Christianity. There are many theories explaining how Beowulf became a Christian epic as well as a pagan one.
Therefore, my answer will be based upon this production. There are many differences between the Beowulf movie and the epic text.
The epic text is written from a Christian perspective. The importance of Christianity is seen throughout the text. First, Hrothgar builds Heorot because he wishes to give glory to God: It came to his mind to I am assuming that you are referring to the release of Beowulf directed by Robert Zemeckis.
It came to his mind to order his men to build a hall, a master mead-house far mightier than any seen by the sons of earth, and therein would he bestow to young and old all that the Lord should give him, save people's land and the lives of men. In the movie, Hrothgar and his Danes are Pagan.
Therefore, the ideology of Pagan and Christian are alternated.
"Beowulf" is the oldest surviving epic poem in the English language and the earliest piece of vernacular European literature. Perhaps the most common question readers have is what language "Beowulf" was written in originally. When Beowulf relates his battle with Grendel's mother, he states that "The fight would have ended straightaway if God had not guarded me" (). Further exemplified by the powerfully stated "most often He has guided the man without friends" (), there is a sense of mystical protection permeating all of Beowulf's actions. Beowulf and Christian Beliefs Beowulf contains several biblical references. References to Cain and the flood are the most direct, but Beowulf also frequently references praying to God and a savior.
In the epic text, Grendel attacks Heorot because he, a descendant of Cain, has been exiled into darkness. He could not wage war upon God himself so he, instead, waged war upon God's followers.
On the kin of Cain did the sovereign God avenge the slaughter of Abel; Cain gained nothing from this feud and was driven far from the sight of men for that slaughter.
From him awoke all those dire breeds: In the movie, Grendel cannot stand the sound of music and singing which emanates from the walls of Heorot.
Beowulf, in the epic text, upholds true heroic values and acts accordingly. He stands by the code held up by the Anglo-Saxon culture. Therefore, all of his behaviors spoke to the fact that he was a true hero.
In the movie, Beowulf does not uphold all of the characteristics of a true hero. Instead, he lies about the fact that he killed Grendel's mother and he has an adulterous relationship with his queen's handmaid.
Lastly, the dragon which attacks the Geats and Beowulf is simply a new foe which Beowulf must face in order to fulfill his desire to die being a hero.
It is best stated by Beowulf as to why a true hero must die as a result of a hero's battle: It seems better that each man avenge his friends than to mourn them to no end. Each of us must await the end of his path in this world, and he who can, should achieve renown before death! That is the best memorial when life is past and a warrior's days are recounted.
In the movie, Beowulf dies murdering the dragon. While this is true in the text, the dragon's relationship to him is very different.
In the movie, the dragon is Beowulf's son-- born as a result of his affair with Grendel's mother.Religion is a touchy issue in Beowulf, because the story is told in late medieval Anglo-Saxon Britain, which has been Christianized, but it's about early medieval Scandinavia, which is pagan.
The narrator of the poem compromises by making constant references to God's decrees in general terms, but. Dec 14, · Since Beowulf was most likely written shortly after England converted to Christianity, the Anglo-Saxon poet would have been familiar with both paganism and Christianity.
This theory helps explain why the poem's characters at times appear to waver between pagan and Christian Reviews: 5. Scholars have several different theories as to why these references show up in Beowulf but no one knows for sure.
Beowulf was most likely written down after the Anglo-Saxons had been christianized. But the actual story of beowulf was likely around much earlier than that. This is the reason for both pagan and christian references in beowulf. A Comparison of the Grendel of Beowulf and Gardner's Grendel The novel Grendel by John Gardner portrays a significantly different picture of Grendel than the epic poem Beowulf paints.
Grendel is a non-human being who posses human qualities. In either story it is not specified what type of being Grendel is, nor does it tell of what exactly. - Beowulf is brave when he defeats Grendel and is a protector - Grendel brags and is spiteful when he comes to battle in the night, giving him a better chance because all the men in the hall were sleeping and couldn't fight back.
When Beowulf relates his battle with Grendel's mother, he states that "The fight would have ended straightaway if God had not guarded me" ().
Further exemplified by the powerfully stated "most often He has guided the man without friends" (), there is a sense of mystical protection permeating all of Beowulf's actions.