Construction, inauguration, and Roman renovations Colosseum Sestertius of Titus celebrating the inauguration of the Colosseum minted 80 AD. A map of central Rome during the Roman Empire, with the Colosseum at the upper right corner The site chosen was a flat area on the floor of a low valley between the CaelianEsquiline and Palatine Hillsthrough which a canalised stream ran.
Practical Information Roman Colosseum Architecture The Colosseum was built of blocks of travertine stone extracted from the quarries of Albulae near Tivoli and brought to Rome by a wide road specially constructed for the purpose.
The amphitheater forms an oval meters 1, in circumference with diameters of and meters and ft. The height of the four-storied wall is 48 meters ft. The Colosseum contained 45, sitting places and 5, standing places.
There were 80 entrance arches, of these the four at the extremities of the major and minor axes were forbidden to the public and not numbered. The major axis entrances gave direct unrestricted access to the arena itself.
In contrast both of the minor axis entrances gave direct access to special reserved boxes.
Seating The first tier of the seating began four meters above the arena with the Podium. It was reserved for the most important Romans, namely the Emperor, the Vestal Virgins, the priests and the senators. The Emperor and his court reclined in the imperial box on the northern side of the arena.
The empress and her female entourage occupied the box opposite of the emperor. These two locations were the best seats to occupy in order to see and be seen. Above the podium were the tiers for the ordinary public.
The noble class and knights sat in the first 14 rows of the Colosseum, the section known as the ima cavea. Roman citizens sat in the next block of seats, that is the media cavea. The rest of the population including the urban poor, foreigners, freed slaves and other slaves were lumped together in the highest block of seats, the summa cavea.
Finally, women, presumably the respectable wives and daughter of Roman citizens, were expected to sit under the protecting shelter of the colonnade that usually crowned the theater seating area.
Hypogeum Under the arena was the hypogeum literally undergrounda vast network of tunnels and passages as well as chambers for the gladiators, animals, slaves. It contained lifts operated by ropes and pulleys which led directly to the arena through the trap doors.Sep 03, · Watch video · Located just east of the Roman Forum, the massive stone amphitheater known as the Colosseum was commissioned around A.D.
The amphitheater forms an oval meters (1,) in circumference with diameters of and meters ( and ft). As a building: it was, and still is, a marvel of Roman technology and architecture.
This might be the most significant historic importance of the building on it’s own. It showed the might and wealth of the Emperor that he could build such a huge building, just for public entertainment.
As. The Colosseum was used for gladiatorial combat until about A.D. and wild animal hunts continued until the early 6th Century. Beyond the 6th Century the Roman . Historical Significance Over the course of over years, Romans marveled at the many events held in the great Colosseum.
Even though if the arena was entered today what would be seen was a wooden floor rotted away, plants covering each surface, and a section of the wall that had collapsed, you may be able to feel the exhilaration and. The main purpose of the Coliseum was to provide a grand amphitheater where the people of Rome could go for various forms of public entertainment, including gladiatorial combats and fights between wild animals.