Here, the essay author becomes a film, which only grabbed the scenery for the reader, and he is the only one to analyze it. The author in this type of essay is nothing but a technical device to deliver the observations. The provided information is ordinarily focused on the main five senses of human beings.
History[ edit ] The practice of literary theory became a profession in the 20th century, but it has historical roots that run as far back as ancient Greece Aristotle 's Poetics is an often cited early exampleancient India Bharata Muni 's Natya Shastraancient Rome Longinus 's On the Sublime and medieval Iraq Al-Jahiz 's al-Bayan wa-'l-tabyin and al-Hayawan, and ibn al-Mu'tazz 's Kitab al-Badi.
The theory and criticism of literature are, of course, also closely tied to the history of literature.
However, the modern sense of "literary theory" only dates to approximately the s when the structuralist linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure began to strongly influence English language literary criticism. The New Critics and various European-influenced formalists particularly the Russian Formalists had described some of their more abstract efforts as "theoretical" as well.
But it was not until the broad impact of structuralism began to be felt in the English-speaking academic world that "literary theory" was thought of as a unified domain. In the academic world of the United Kingdom and the United States, literary theory was at its most popular from the late s when its influence was beginning to spread outward from elite universities like Johns Model literary essayYaleand Cornell through the s by which time it was taught nearly everywhere in some form.
During this span of time, literary theory was perceived as academically cutting-edge, and most university literature departments sought to teach and study theory and incorporate it into their curricula.
Because of its meteoric rise in popularity and the difficult language of its key texts, theory was also often criticized as faddish or trendy obscurantism and many academic satire novels of the period, such as those by David Lodgefeature theory prominently.
Some scholars, both theoretical and anti-theoretical, refer to the s and s debates on the academic merits of theory as "the theory wars". By the early s, the popularity of "theory" as a subject of interest by itself was declining slightly along with job openings for pure "theorists" even as the texts of literary theory were incorporated into the study of almost all literature.
Bythe controversy over the use of theory in literary studies had quieted down, and discussions on the topic within literary and cultural studies tend now to be considerably milder and less lively.
However, some scholars like Mark Bauerlein continue to argue that less capable theorists have abandoned proven methods of epistemologyresulting in persistent lapses in learning, research, and evaluation. Specific theories are distinguished not only by their methods and conclusions, but even by how they create meaning in a " text ".
However, some theorists acknowledge that these texts do not have a singular, fixed meaning which is deemed "correct". There are many types of literary theory, which take different approaches to texts.
Even among those listed below, many scholars combine methods from more than one of these approaches for instance, the deconstructive approach of Paul de Man drew on a long tradition of close reading pioneered by the New Criticsand de Man was trained in the European hermeneutic tradition.
Differences among schools[ edit ] This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.
May Learn how and when to remove this template message The different interpretive and epistemological perspectives of different schools of theory often arise from, and so give support to, different moral and political commitments.
For instance, the work of the New Critics often contained an implicit moral dimension, and sometimes even a religious one: Eliot or Gerard Manley Hopkins for its degree of honesty in expressing the torment and contradiction of a serious search for belief in the modern world.
Meanwhile, a Marxist critic might find such judgments merely ideological rather than critical; the Marxist would say that the New Critical reading did not keep enough critical distance from the poem's religious stance to be able to understand it. Or a post-structuralist critic might simply avoid the issue by understanding the religious meaning of a poem as an allegory of meaning, treating the poem's references to "God" by discussing their referential nature rather than what they refer to.
A critic using Darwinian literary studies might use arguments from the evolutionary psychology of religion. Such a disagreement cannot be easily resolved, because it is inherent in the radically different terms and goals that is, the theories of the critics.
Their theories of reading derive from vastly different intellectual traditions:1 Outline Structure for Literary Analysis Essay I. Catchy Title II. Paragraph 1: Introduction (Use HATMAT) A. Hook B. Author C.
Title D. Main characters E. A short summary F. . A literary analysis essay is an academic assignment that examines and evaluates a work of literature or a given aspect of a specific literary piece. 1 day ago · macaulay honors college essay help writing tesis How do i start my literary analysis essay to help student with read 40 model essays online.
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This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
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