See Article History Sphere of influence, in international politics, the claim by a state to exclusive or predominant control over a foreign area or territory. The term may refer to a political claim to exclusive control, which other nations may or may not recognize as a matter of fact, or it may refer to a legal agreement by which another state or states pledge themselves to refrain from interference within the sphere of influence. It is in the latter, legal significance that the term first gained currency in the s when the colonial expansion of the European powers in Africa and Asia was nearing its completion.
Information Power Legitimate Power Legitimate Power is related to the position or status of the person in the organisation. The person believes that they have the right to make demands on others and expect them to be complient.
All managers have some degree of positional power. People are influenced by the position and not by you Your ability to influence through legitimate power is Gain power and influence in the by those situations in which people believe you have the right or power to influence their actions or behaviours Do not rely on legitimate power to influence others.
Doing so may result in you abusing your power. This will lead to poor working relationships see motivational theory and potential conflict. I have worked with managers who have abused this power.
The result has led to demotivated individuals or teams, conflict and loss of respect for the manager from team members.
All leaders need to assess how they are using legitimate power. Develop other sources of power to increase your influencing skills and achieve results through your people. Reward Power Reward power is the ability to give rewards.
Examples of these rewards are promotions, pay increases, working on special projects, training and developmental opportunities and compliments.
Reward power is the result of positional power. You may not always have complete control over the rewards. However, due to your position you may be able to have some influence in the rewards. Look at what rewards you can use to influence other's behaviours and actions. It is the ability to use threats and punishments.
Many managers and leaders abuse this source of power leading to greater problems. Extensive use of coercive power should be avoided. Leadership styles may tend to be very autocratic. Be careful that you are not exerting power over others inappropriately. Referent Power Referent power is the ability of others to identify with those who have desirable resources or personal traits.
You may also hear of charismatic power. This comes from the personal characteristics of the person. Their energy, endurance, empathy, toughness, humour, charm. People with this source of power can influence people.
However, again be careful that you do not abuse it. Expert Power Expert power refers to the power that people have who have specialist knowledge, who are experts in their field or have knowledge or skills that are in short supply.
People tend to listen more to those who demonstrate expertise. Expert power does not require positional power. Leaders and managers should also be aware of expert power where it exists in their teams.
To ignore it is potentially abusing their positional power. How can you use and develop expert power as a leader? Here are some ideas: Use it to offer guidance and support to your team and to motivate them Use it to gain respect for your position, skills and knowledge from your peers, those above you in the organisation, from your team, from customers, suppliers and those with whom you interact Develop expertise, both knowledge and skills, that are required for your position and future positions.
Keep yourself informed of new developments in your area Maintain your credibility by participating in discussions that you are well informed on.
Beware of trying to give the impression that you are an expert in all areas. Use the appropriate expertise from your team and other departments or functions Be open to discuss concerns that your team or others may have. By listening to their concerns you can use your expertise to allay them.
Thus creating credibility and respect.Description. Experience the single MOST POWERFUL covert influence techniques known today through the Killer Influence course. Learn the secrets of covert hypnotic influence and discover how you can use these techniques to create a tremendous amount of influence in your personal and professional life.
People decide how competent you are in a fraction of a second. They judge your competence based 55% on body language, 38% on presentation, and just 7% on what you say.
Stanford Professor Deborah Gruenfeld introduces the body languages of power and influence and shows you how to . International Journal of Business and Social Science Vol. 4 No. 4; April 3 Charisma power is a way to exert influence over people through force of character, and to get them to do what the leader wants, thus modifying behavior.
If you are new to a position of power, or an outsider trying to build a power base, make a show of respecting the old way of doing things. If change is necessary, make . Referent power is the power or ability of individuals to attract others and build attheheels.com is based on the charisma and interpersonal skills of the power holder.
A person may be admired because of specific personal trait, and this admiration creates the opportunity for interpersonal influence. Influence is a way for factions to have or gain control over a star system.
Many factions can share influence within a system. The first row in the system's faction list is the controlling faction for a system and always controls the controlling station, which is usually the biggest in the.