However, King responded to this by examples of many famous historical figures that are considered heroes today were regarded as extremists during their periods. Furthermore, King noticed the discrimination and inequality between different people were easy to find in Birmingham.
King supports his argument by exercising his credibility and applying balanced reasoning to refute the perspectives of the concerned community leaders and appeal to white moderates through an emotional and spiritual style.
King begins his letter by disarming the Clergymen's "outsider" accusation.
He explains his position as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a direct affiliate to the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights to validate his. He explains that because of his position, he was invited to "engage in a nonviolent direct-action program" ;par 2proving that he is not an outsider because he has "organizational ties [in Birmingham]" ;par 2.
To further justify his actions, King connects himself to Apostle Paul and other prophets who "carried the gospel of Jesus Christ to the far corners of the He continues to explicate his actions by incorporating the "network of mutuality" that is instilled in Americans to conclude that "whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly" ;par 4authorizing his obligation to fight injustice no matter the location and nullifying the "outside agitator" implications.
Continuing his argument, King contends with the clergymen's opposition to the "demonstrations taking place in Birmingham" ; par 5exposing the "superficial kind of social analysis" ;par 5 adopted by the Clergymen that targets "effects" rather than the "underlying causes".
He notes that the steps taken to campaign nonviolently have only resulted from the "ugly record of brutality" and "unjust treatment" ;par 6 against the Negroes, exposing the baneful contentment of the Clergymen. King also uncovers racial injustice by noting the "unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham" ;par 6authenticating his call for direct action and drawing sympathy from the white moderate.
King further credits his disappointment in the Birmingham community leaders when explaining that the Negro community are "victims of a broken promise" ;par 7 after humiliating racial signs were guaranteed by the ACMHR to be removed, but failed to enforce it, resulting in the preparation for a direct action program and not negotiation.
King then counters the "untimely" and "unwise" declaration from the Clergymen's, "A Call for Unity". He alludes to Socrates's "Allegory of the Cave" while declaring that the Clergymen fear constructive, nonviolent tension, "tension in the mind" ;par 10 is necessary for the end of prejudice and social injustice in return for "understanding and brotherhood" ;par Enlightening the religious leaders of his cause for applying direct action rather than waiting for anAug 25, · Martin Luther King Jr.
uses allusions to biblical figures and events that appeal to both ethos and pathos throughout the “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” The ethos and pathos of biblical figures and events have a strong impact and effectiveness to the readers.
Jun 01, · 4 thoughts on “ Ethos, Logos, and Pathos in King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail”: Part II ” Ragip on June 1, at pm said: This great piece of non-fiction is uplifting indeed. Dr. Kings Persona in Letter From Birmingham Jail Essay . MLK In his Letter from Birmingham Jail, Dr. Martin Luther King represents the African-American community as a whole when he writes his fellow clergymen and indeed all Americans. “Letter from a Birmingham Jail’ was written by Martin Luther King in the year This was an open letter written by Martin Luther King from a Birmingham jail in Alabama, where he had been imprisoned for participating in the arrangement and organization of a peaceful protest.
On April 19, , Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a detailed letter from Birmingham Jail in reply to some public releases which were directed at undermining his fight for civil equality.
Martin Luther King’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” 1. Carnegie establishes three specific “modes” relating to the use of excess wealth: give it to your kids, leave it for charities, or create charities during your lifetime These issues have to do with responsibility, charity, and .
Oct 03, · With these rhetorical tools used in “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” Martin Luther King Jr. signed, sealed, and committed his letter to the 8 clergymen opposing his movement.
The use of pathos, logos, and ethos, intertwined in the words used in the letter made it one of the greatest rhetorical works in the 20 th century. is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her.
In “The Letter from Birmingham Jail” King used all three of Aristotle’s rhetorical appeals for classical argument.
King used ethos to appeal to the writer’s credibility; logos to appeal to the writer’s logic; and pathos to appeal to the writer’s emotion.