Acknowledging the anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Paris 3 Septemberthis month's Feature focuses on black contributions to the American Revolution.
Latinos in World War II: August United States Army At the heart of the modern Latino experience has been the quest for first-class citizenship. Within this broader framework, military service provides unassailable proof that Latinos are Americans who have been proud to serve, fight, and die for their country, the U.
Thus, advocates of Latino equality often note that Latinos have fought in every U. Bypeople of Mexican descent in the U. Often the children of immigrants who had entered in previous decades, they strongly identified with the country of their birth.
The result was massive Mexican American participation in World War II, the most recent estimate being that someMexican Americans served in the conflict For many, a novel sensation of belonging accompanied the experience.
Private Armando Flores of Corpus Christi, Texas, for example, fondly recalled being rebuked for putting his hands in his pockets on a cold day during basic training. Just 19, Maria Sally Salazar of Laredo, Texas, for example, was so eager to join the Army's Women Army Corps that she borrowed her sister's birth certificate so that she could pass for 21, the minimum age requirement for women.
After basic training, she spent 18 months in the Philippine jungle working out of an administrative building but also tending the wounded when needed. In addition, thousands of Mexican American men and women found jobs in defense industries, an opportunity that was almost denied them because anti-Mexican prejudice remained so high.
Although President Franklin Roosevelt had issued an executive order in banning discrimination in defense industry hiring, the war's seemingly ceaseless demand for labor soon proved more effective in trouncing employer reluctance to hire Latino workers.
The upshot was that wartime sacrifice was often a family affair. The Sanchez family, transplanted from Bernalillo, New Mexico to Southern California before the war, is a case in point.
Of ten grown siblings, three sisters each became a "Rosita the Riveter," while all five brothers served: Navy Construction Battalion, and the eldest, who turned 50 during the war, as a civil defense air-raid warden.
The family's participation was so extensive that members remember waiting to hear of one brother's fate during the Battle of the Bulge just after hearing another brother had died in combat in the Philippines.
Thus, a tiny two-block lane in Silvis, Illinois, originally settled by Mexican immigrant railroad workers, earned the nickname "Hero Street" for sending an amazing 45 sons off to war. Sent to the Philippines because of their ability to use Spanish to communicate with their Filipino allies, many New Mexicans meanwhile experienced the horrors of the Bataan death march.
Pinpointing ethnicity by looking at Spanish-surnames in addition to birthplace makes clear, moreover, that at least 11 Mexican Americans received the Medal of Honor during the conflict.
Among them was Joseph P.
Many ethnic group members attributed their willingness to serve, and to serve so courageously to their unique cultural inheritance, one rooted in both Iberian and indigenous warrior societies. As Medal of Honor recipient Silvestre Herrera explained his decision to enter a minefield and single-handedly attack an enemy stronghold in France, a decision that cost him both feet in an explosion, "I am a Mexican-American and we have a tradition.
We're supposed to be men, not sissies. In recognition of Herrera's heroism, for example, the governor of Arizona decided to name August 14, Silvestre Herrera Day.As segregation regimes took hold in the South in the s with the tacit approval of the rest of the country, many African Americans found a champion in Booker T.
Washington and adopted his self-help autobiography, Up from Slavery (), as their The Souls of Black Folk, the Niagara Movement, and the NAACP. Du Bois graduated from Fisk University, a historically black institution in.
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from attheheels.com African-Americans Fighting for Equality Michelle Moore HIS American History Since July 29, African-Americans Fighting for Equality African-Americans have been fighting for equality and freedom every since they were taken from Africa as slaves.
Asian American groups have made variants of these arguments since the early s and have filed multiple complaints against and urged investigations into a number of universities. The ability of African Americans to get legislation passed that supported their rights was a major step in the improvement of the treatment of African Americans and made it so that legally people could not discriminate against, segregate, or deny voting rights to them.
The Case for Reparations. Two hundred fifty years of slavery. Ninety years of Jim Crow. Sixty years of separate but equal. Thirty-five years of racist housing policy.